Stem Cell Transplant vs Bone Marrow Transplant: The Differences
Are you dealing with an illness that requires immunosuppressive treatment? Or, you might just be probably curious about what treatments are available for such illnesses.
Are you looking into stem cell transplant vs bone marrow transplant?
Both stem cell and bone marrow transplants can save lives. They can help you fight your illness and set you on the path toward good health. However, they are also different in many ways.
Knowing the variances between stem cell transplants and bone marrow transplants can help you make a fitting decision. Here are some differences to keep in mind when thinking about transplantation.
What Is a Stem Cell Transplant?
A stem cell transplant is a life-saving procedure used to treat cancer and other serious diseases. Stem cells are immature cells that can develop into any type of cell in the body. The transplant process involves using high doses of chemotherapy and/or radiation to destroy the patient’s diseased bone marrow.
This leaves the patient without the ability to produce blood cells. The stem cells are then transplanted into the patient where they will begin to produce healthy blood cells. The stem cell transplant procedure is complex and requires a team of skilled medical professionals.
You can also read more about stem cell therapy from various reliable sources.
What Is Bone Marrow Transplant?
A bone marrow transplant is a procedure to replace damaged or diseased bone marrow. These are replaced with healthy bone marrow stem cells. This type of transplant is also referred to as a hematopoietic stem cell transplant.
Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue inside your bones that contains immature cells. These cells are called hematopoietic or blood-forming stem cells. The cells develop into three types of blood cells:
- red blood cells
- white blood cells
Red blood cells carry oxygen. The white blood cells fight infections. And the platelets help control bleeding.
Comparing Stem Cell Transplant vs Bone Marrow Transplant
There are many factors to consider when comparing stem cell transplant vs bone marrow transplant. Here’s how:
Type of Cancer
One important factor is the type of cancer being treated. Bone marrow transplants are typically used to treat leukemia, while stem cell transplants may be used to treat other types of cancer, such as lymphoma.
Severity of Cancer
Another factor to consider is the severity of cancer. In general, stem cell transplants may be more successful in treating early-stage cancer, while bone marrow transplants may be more successful in treating cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
There are also risks and side effects associated with each type of transplant, so it is important to discuss all of the options with a doctor before making a decision.
Understanding Stem Cell Transplant vs Bone Marrow Transplant Is Important
It’s important to understand the difference between stem cell transplant vs bone marrow transplant. Stem cell transplants are more versatile and can be used to treat a wider range of diseases. Bone marrow transplants are typically used to treat blood cancers.
Talk to your doctor to see if a stem cell transplant is right for you.
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